Welcome to Fall 2022! MWDL has added a number of new collections from University of Utah, University of Oregon, and Utah Department of Cultural & Community Engagement. Read on for more details on this exciting new content.
Utah City Directories Collection – UT Dept. of Cultural & Community Engagement
Utah City Directories Collection contains reference books produced in Utah throughout its urban history. These directories are a listing of residents, streets, businesses, organizations and institutions, giving their location in Salt Lake City, Utah and surrounding valley. It is arranged alphabetically, geographically and by publisher. The City Directories also have advertisements for businesses.
Zig Jackson photographs – University of Oregon Libraries
Zig Jackson (b.1957- ) is a Native artist and photographer who grew up on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation in North Dakota. He is an enrolled member of the Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara) whose work includes portraiture and documentary photography depicting traditional indigenous culture. This collection (1990-2009) contains 89 black and white prints taken at Indian reservations and other regions across the United States. The prints feature documentary photography of contemporary Native American communities and events, and offer commentary on Indian identity, land rights, sovereignty, representation, and tribal traditions. Prints show Native American ceremonies, Indian reservations, sacred sites, lodges, monuments, tourism, souvenir booths, food stands, road signs, government buildings, and urban areas.
University of Utah – J. Willard Marriott Library
The Marriner S. Eccles papers (1910-1985) chronicles the years when Eccles made his greatest contributions as a national and international fiscal and monetary expert, businessman, and public figure.
The Mickey Ibarra papers (1996-2001) contain materials from his tenure as an Assistant to President and Director of Inter-governmental Affairs for the Clinton White House.
MWDL has been a Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) Service Hub since 2013. We are proud to be one of DPLA’s first service hubs and have been providing content ever since. With nearly 45 million items now available through DPLA, you might wonder which MWDL items rise to the top. Here are the six most-viewed MWDL items for the past six months. These range from the Middle Ages to the 21st century and demonstrate the breadth of material available from the MWDL network.
March 2022 – Utah Government Digital Library (Utah State Library): Affordable housing options (2007). This factsheet on affordable housing was contributed by the Olene Walker Housing Fund.
February 2022 – Brigham Young University Harold B. Lee Library: Nativity and Annunciation to the Shepherds (1302-1310). Giovanni Pisano carved this Nativity and Annunciation to the Shepherds for the pulpit of Pisa Cathedral. Giovanni’s father, Nicola Pisano, had created a pulpit for the baptistery of Pisa Cathedral about forty years before Giovanni made this work. While Nicola Pisano was heavily influenced by ancient Etruscan, Roman, and Early Christian ruins for his carvings, Giovanni Pisano chose to depict his figures in the Gothic style of the day. Giovanni Pisano’s looser, dynamic composition, sinuous lines, and lean elegant figures all reflect the Gothic tastes of the reigning French court.
January 2022; November 2021 – Brigham Young University Harold B. Lee Library: Sioux Indians in Ghost Dance regalia (ca. 1880). This photograph is so popular, it appears twice on our list! Charles R. Savage was a preeminent photographer working out of the Salt Lake Valley in the late 19th century.
December 2021 – Utah State Archives: 1916; Women’s Suffrage (1916). This correspondence hails from Governor Spry’s records and reflects the Governor’s involvement in a wide range of important administrative matters, including suffrage for women.
October 2021 – University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott Library: A trip across the plains, and life in California (1851). This memoir of Dr. George Keller, physician to the Wayne County (Ohio) Company during its 1849 journey to California, includes a guide to the trail and detailed description of California.
We’re back with more details on new collections added from Oregon Digital, University of Utah- J. Willard Marriott Library, and Utah Valley University – Fulton Library and City of Orem (UT). With International Women’s Day coming right up on Tuesday March 8, we’d especially like to highlight collections with content on women’s history and contributions throughout our region.
Twelve collections from University of Oregon Libraries joined MWDL via Oregon Digital in January.
The Eugene Lesbian Oral History Project documents the longtime lesbian community in Eugene (OR) and was conducted by Professor Judith Raiskin of the University of Oregon Department of Women’s, Gender and Sexuality Studies and Linda Long, Curator of Manuscripts in the University of Oregon Libraries in 2018. The Lord & Schryver landscape architectural records, 1929-1970, showcase the work of two pioneering female architects, Elizabeth Lord (1887-1976) and Edith Schryver (1901-1984), who founded the Lord & Schryver landscape architecture firm in 1929 in Salem (OR). Laura J. Bock was a student at the University of Oregon during the 1960s who took part in civil rights activism and anti-Vietnam protests at the university. The Laura J Bock Papers (1962–1969) contains political ephemera such as flyers and posters, memos, buttons, and underground newsletters and publications, as well as Bock’s personal notes, correspondence, and an oral history (with transcript).
A number of collections detail work by illustrators, artists and architects. First, the Chester E. Corry Papers document Corry’s work as a prominent landscape architect, particularly in the southern Oregon towns of Medford and Ashland. The Edward Tunis papers offer manuscripts and illustrations for children’s books. The Ellis Fuller Lawrence papers, 1901–1929 includes correspondence, architectural drawings and photographs relating to projects undertaken by Lawrence as architect from 1908–1958, mainly in Oregon and Washington. (Though Lawrence became the Dean of University of Oregon’s School of Architecture & Environment in 1914, records and correspondence by Lawrence as Dean of the School of Architecture are not included in this collection.) John Yeon architectural drawings, 1934-1976 document Yeon’s work in the Pacific Northwest as an architect, landscape architect, and conservationist. The Kurt Werth papers consists of Werth’s original children’s book illustrations and manuscripts, other artwork and manuscripts, personal papers, artifacts, personal and professional correspondence, and papers of his wife, Margaret Werth. The Kurt Wiese papers is primarily comprised of children’s book production material including original drawings, sketches, proofs, manuscripts, and correspondence. Other artwork and personal papers are also included. Finally, the Quincy Scott Political Cartoons collection includes original artwork produced during his tenure at The Oregonian (1931–49), comprised of over 5,000 almost daily political cartoons.
Last but not least, the University Archives sound recordings collection, 1933-1995, contains historical sound recordings—cylinders, discs, wires, and tapes—that document the history of the university and of individuals and organizations documented in its special collections. Many of these recordings are unique, and as primary source materials offer different perspectives on the historical record. John Edward Tysell Sr. trained as a doctor in Chicago before serving in the Pacific Theatre during World War II. The Tysell papers consists of correspondence, photographs and slides, ephemera and artifacts relating to Tysell’s service in WWII.
University of Utah – J. Willard Marriott Library
Nine new collections from UU-Marriott Library joined MWDL in January, representing a broad array of topics including contemporary oral history projects, Mormon settlement in Arizona, American involvement in the Spanish-American War in the Philippines, home videos, and the Japanese-American experience.
In particular, the Women in STEM Oral Histories contain video and text transcripts of interviews of women working in Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM) fields. The histories belong to the Aileen H. Clyde 20th Century Women’s Legacy Archive.
The Isaac K. Russell papers offer a unique resource: issues of The American Soldier, a newspaper founded by Russell during the Spanish-American War in the Philippines. The Allen H. Lundgren papers contain correspondence between Lundgren and his wife during his LDS missionary service in Sweden and military service in World War II in France & Germany.
Two collections joined MWDL via Utah Valley University – Fulton Library; one is from UVU and the other, from City of Orem (UT) Public Library.
Orem (UT) Timpanogos Storytelling Festival collection documents the Timpanogos Storytelling Festival, held in Orem, Utah. The collection covers materials from 1990 through 2016. Festival founder Karen Ashton held the Festival in her backyard from 1990-1995. As attendance increased the Festival location changed three more times, from the Olmstead Power Plant at the mouth of the Provo Canyon, to Orem’s Mt. Timpanogos Park, and finally, in 2017, to Ashton Gardens at Thanksgiving Point in Lehi, Utah.
Hello MWDL network and welcome to late winter 2022! Today we’d like to feature collections and content that (re)joined MWDL in late 2021 before highlighting what’s been added since 2022 began.
Utah K-12 COVID-19 Memory Project (Utah Department of Cultural and Community Engagement)
The department formerly known as “Utah Department of Heritage & Arts” changed its name mid-2021 to “Utah Department of Cultural and Community Engagement” as part of a strategic planning process to guide its vision, mission, and objectives over the next five years. You can read more on their activities and initiatives in 2021’s Annual Report.
The Utah K-12 COVID-19 Memory Project began in 2020 to collect questionnaires with student responses regarding school, family, and community life collected during the COVID-19 pandemic from Utah K-12 students. DCCE’s Historical Collections Curator, Lisa Barr, appeared on PBS Utah in December 2021 to discuss the project in more depth. Be sure to check out the collection in its entirety!
University of Nevada, Las Vegas Digital Collections
Following several years of work to migrate digital collections content and systems from CONTENTdm to Islandora, UNLV’s content got a full facelift in MWDL in October 2021. Congratulations! This increased the amount of content to over 55K items on diverse topics ranging from gaming industry history to nuclear testing to water management in southern Nevada. You can view all collections here. UNLV’s finding aids are also available online.
Brigham Young University Finding Aids
BYU’s finding aids got a refresh in MWDL in fall 2021 and we added three times as many finding aids as before! This was the first content addition to this collection in a number of years and the first from BYU’s ArchivesSpace repository. You can search the entire collection here.
Utah Government Digital Library (Utah State Library)
Finally, Utah State Library’s Utah Government Digital Library underwent a major upgrade of its platform and we welcomed refreshed content to MWDL in September 2021. This collection offers over 97,000 public domain government publications from the Utah State Government on a vast array of topics.
Thanks for reading and we’ll be back shortly with more information on collections added in Winter 2021-22!
While many new collections have joined MWDL in 2020, we’re going to highlight four in this post. Three pertain to pandemics both past and present, and the fourth to the 100th anniversary of women’s suffrage. These are all wonderful examples of MWDL partners using digital libraries to document present history, aggregating existing collections to provide new historical context, and contextualizing local events on the national and global stage.
We hope these few examples demonstrate the amazing work MWDL partners continue to do despite hardship. These collections joined DPLA as they came online and represent the intermountain West in a nationwide pool of resources. The DPLA Black Women’s Suffrage Collection also launched earlier in September and we’re excited to dig into it!
Utah Valley University’s Fulton Library COVID-19 Collection
This new collection features diverse materials from the Fulton Library community. Images, documents, promotional materials, social media posts, and surveys contributed by staff members, students, and other Fulton Library-community members detail life as we all adjusted to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Utah COVID-19 Collection (University of Utah)
Have you ever heard of a quaranzine? Neither have we! This is but one of the unique items submitted to J. Willard Marriott Library’s crowd-sourced Utah COVID-19 collection. Beginning in late March, Marriott Library invited submissions from Utahns to document their pandemic experiences. At nearly 800 items and counting, this collection includes photographs, oral histories, protest flyers, digital performance art and more.
1918 Flu Pandemic Newspapers (University of Utah)
Hand The Flu A Lemon !
– Headline of folk remedy article in Salt Lake Telegram, October 9, 1918
Finally, Utah State Archives mounted a new collection and online exhibit about the history of women’s suffrage in Utah! As the United States celebrates the centennial of women’s suffrage throughout 2020, Utah celebrates 150 years of suffrage. Utah women gained suffrage in 1870 when it was still a territory, a full 25 years ahead of statehood.
Happy Autumn 2020! We previously looked at where MWDL users are located and learned MWDL has global reach. But have you ever wondered how all those users find MWDL in the first place? We recently looked at traffic acquisition from June through mid-September and have some interesting trends to share.
Google Analytics segments traffic into 4 channels (or buckets) by default: Referral, Organic Search, Direct, and Social. There are additional default channels such as Email, Affiliates, and Paid Advertising, but MWDL doesn’t currently use (or track) any of these. Looking at the channels in this period:
Percent of Total (8,320 users)
Average Duration (min:sec)
MWDL Traffic Channels (June-September 15, 2020)
Does the distribution of traffic by channel surprise you? A few things stood out to us. First, the majority of traffic reaches MWDL by referral. We’ll look closer at referral sources in a moment. The next two channels (organic, direct) combined don’t equal the amount of referral traffic; social comes in last with just 1% of all users!
The picture gets more interesting when we consider the number of pages per session and the average duration. Referral, organic, and direct search users all stayed around 1 minute. Despite being the smallest channel, social had the longest session duration with over two minutes — double as long as any of the other channels.
So what are sources for these channels? A view of the top ten sources offers more detail:
Percent of Total (8,320 users)
MWDL search portal (Primo)/referral
mwdl-org (AMP pages)/referral
Top 10 MWDL Traffic Sources (June-September 15, 2020)
Search engines like Google and Bing accounted for the majority of the organic search traffic (and Yahoo ranks 19th on the list of sources with <0.25% of MWDL traffic). The picture looks more interesting when we consider the top external referral sources – Digital Public Library of America (DPLA), Omnia, and Utah Education Network (UEN).
DPLA not only accounts for a large percentage (21%) of total referrals in this period, but the average session duration is much longer–almost twice as long!– as those of the organic sources. While it accounts for a smaller percentage of referrals, Omnia also enjoys the longest average session duration (2:14). [Omnia is a digital humanities project by Niall O’Leary that aggregates records from Europeana and DPLA to offer a hybrid cultural heritage search portal.]
To see what social channels drive traffic to MWDL, we have to consider the next five top referrers:
While Facebook only accounts for a fraction of a percent of traffic, these users have the highest number of pages viewed per session (5.46!) and a relatively long session duration. Twitter (t.co is a URL wrapper) also makes up just a small percentage in this period.
We have a few takeaways from these numbers. First: community is good! Projects that aggregate MWDL content (DPLA, Omnia, Utah Education Network, UmbraSearch) help drive traffic to us. Next, the high number of direct users (14%) suggests MWDL is a known resource and users are visiting without needing to search. Finally, while the overall traffic from social media sites is very small, those referrals were “sticky” with longer session durations and a high number of page views.
Finally — we didn’t forget to look where users are located! We look forward to being able to travel in 2021 and completing more of the map! Happy searching, everyone!
Happy New Year, MWDL Network! On December 13, 2019, we announced the completion of a new metadata application profile. This post details the revision process and highlights the differences between MWDL MAP V2 ( 2011) and MWDL MAP V3 (2019). MAP V3 is effective January 1, 2020 for new collections harvested into MWDL.
Following the delivery of the Bulk Digitization Task Force’s MWDL Application Profile review report at the 2018 MWDL Summer Meeting, the MWDL Metadata Application Profile Revision Taskforce formed and began meeting. (Many thanks to Gina Strack, Cory Nimer, and Darnelle Melvin for their hard work on that report!) After a short time, the taskforce elected to survey the MWDL member network to better assess current metadata practices, understand pain points with the existing profile, and gather general feedback about the 2011 document. After clearing our survey instrument through University of Utah and Utah State University’s Institutional Review Boards (IRB), the taskforce launched the survey in January 2019.
After receiving 12 responses (out of 16 MWDL hubs, or 75% response rate), the taskforce set to analyzing the feedback. To our surprise, consensus was not as clear as we had imagined about removal or addition of elements. Rather, several broad themes emerged:
Members are using a broad range of platforms locally, not only CONTENTdm
Some members are describing collections using MODS instead of Dublin Core
Certain required fields were cumbersome for description of archival materials and presented barriers to harvesting
The taskforce also evaluated new platforms to host the updated MAP throughout April and May, including GoogleDocs, GitHub, WordPress, Confluence, and a wiki. We mocked up one element table (date) in each platform, held virtual open houses to show them off, and voted on the best choice. GitHub was selected because it best met the taskforce’s criteria: a flexible, web-based tool that allowed multiple editors and/or authors, comment functionality, and offered the ability to host a static downloadable document.
With our new platform decided, we began meeting regularly throughout August and October 2019 to review each element as a group and make updates. The taskforce quickly decided on several global changes to the MAP, including the addition of MODS mapping and linking to terms namespaces throughout. Another broad change was to revamp the levels of obligation for elements from 2011’s required, required-if-applicable, and optional to required, recommended, and optional. This reflects broader trends in metadata profiles observed by the DLF Metadata Quality Benchmarks Working Group as well as DPLA MAP V5. The table below summarizes the differences between the versions:
Required: date, description, format, identifier, rights, subject, title, type
Required: date, format, identifier, rights, title, type
After several rounds of editing and grooming to ensure consistency, the taskforce opened the final draft of the new MAP to public comment by the MWDL network, resulting in a few more revisions through late November. With the final-final draft in hand, we created the static document and placed it in our GitHub repository for download.
Another key change was the introduction of an annual issue review process. The taskforce agreed to review comments and issues annually in December, and feedback may be submitted either by emailing mountainwestdl[at]gmail.com or opening a new issue on GitHub.
We would like to offer a huge thanks to everyone who served on the 2018-19 taskforce! We had great representation from many institutions throughout the MWDL network that no doubt bolstered the quality of the work: Emily Boss (UNR), Lisa Chaufty (UU), Marina Georgieva (UNLV), Teresa Hebron (MWDL), Becky McKown (BYU), Darnelle Melvin (UNLV), Anna Neatrour (UU), Char Newbold (USL), Cory Nimer (BYU), Andrea Payant (USU), Gina Strack (USA), Rachel Jane Wittmann (UU), and Liz Woolcott (USU). Special thanks to Allyson Mower (UU) as well for reviewing copyright guidelines during the public review period in November 2019.
Please join us for a webinar on Thursday, March 12, 2020 to hear more about the new MAP from co-chairs Liz Woolcott and Teresa Hebron. Hope you can make it!
With most schools and universities back in session the summer is quickly coming to an end, but before we fall off daylight savings time, we have a few noteworthy MWDL items for you.
Our August DPLA harvest completed several weeks ago and we are up to 1,086,044 records in their portal. Thanks to everyone who has submitted new collections and continually added records to existing ones. Our fourth and final harvest of 2019 will be in November.
If you’re interested in an account for DPLA’s Analytics Dashboard, please let us know. The dashboard gives you access to usage and metadata statistics about your records in DPLA! The ability to make user accounts was rolled out earlier this year, and many of you are already taking advantage of this feature.
We have updated our harvest request form to send an auto-response to you. Now when you submit a collection, you’ll receive an email to the address you specify with the details of your request.
We’ve hosted two webinars so far this year to hear from University of Nevada, Reno and University of Nevada, Las Vegas about their Islandora migration projects. Thanks to Emily Boss, Nathan Gerth, Emily Lapworth, and Seth Shaw for giving such great presentations! If you missed these, you can still view the Zoom recordings:
In the week of November 11, we’re looking forward to MWDL alum Rebekah Cummings sharing more about the J. Willard Marriott Library’s work inspired by the Collections as Data project. Look for more details shortly.
If you’d like to present an upcoming webinar, please let us know and we can get that scheduled. We’re looking for one more 2019 presentation and 2020 is wide open!