Territorial & Statehood Utah (1850-1900)

Life in territorial Utah was complex because of the interplay between the early pioneers, native people, miners, cowboys, entrepreneurs, new immigrants, and territorial and federal government. With all groups vying for scarce resources and control of the trajectory of Utah, conflict soon followed.  During this time, communication networks were expanding throughout the West and Utah was a crossroads for much of this growth.

1891 Map of Logan City

1891 Map of Logan City, created by the Logan City Surveyor, November 9, 1923.

Territorial Insane Asylum

The Territorial Insane Asylum in Provo.

Provo, 1888

East Provo Cooperative Company; County Court House; Jail; Utah County Stake House (LDS Church); Tabernacle (old); Provo Theatre; Post Office; Provo Manufacturing Company woolen mills

Salt Lake City, Utah, Z. C. M. I.

Photo shows two unidentified men standing in front of Z. C. M. I., America’s First Department Store, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1868

SLC–Plum Alley

Salt Lake City Plum Alley, August 24, 1907. Shipler Photog. #3056. Two men stand in front of Chinese merchandise store by the dirt roads and buildings of Plum Alley.

Benjamin Brown

Benjamin Brown, seen at age 30, served as leader of the Clarion Colony in Sanpete County, Utah

Clarion, Utah

Lieberman home and the well which served the whole Clarion colony. Lieberman was one of the colonists who remained at Clarion after the breakup of the colony. The Jewish Agricultural and Colonial Association of Philidelphia purchsed six thousand acres from the Utah State Land Board in 1911 that included Clarion. Crop failures caused most settlers … Continue reading Clarion, Utah

Zion in Utah: the Clarion colony and Jewish agrarianism

The history of the Jewish agricultural colony at Clarion, Utah, presented by Robert A. Goldberg is somewhat special, for western Jewish history has been notably small town and urban. In painstakingly reconstructing the story of those who organized, settled, and finally failed at Clarion, Goldberg places the Clarion experiment within the larger framework of the … Continue reading Zion in Utah: the Clarion colony and Jewish agrarianism

Grave in Clarion, Utah

Jewish grave site at Clarion. The Jewish Agricultural and Colonial Association of Philidelphia purchsed six thousand acres from the Utah State Land Board in 1911 that included Clarion. Crop failures caused most settlers to leave by 1917.

Iosepa residents celebrating Pioneer Day, 1914

Garland Hunt to Col. A.S. Johnson

Indian Agent Garland Hunt documents his escape from Utah to the U.S. military forces ascending on the Territory at the beginning of the Utah War. He describes seeking the aid of friendly Indians and travelling in the wilderness

Proclamation from Governor Brigham Young dated August 19, 1853

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Journal History containing references to Utah Indians. Governor Brigham Young issues a proclamation in light of conflict with the Indians. He advises the White settlers to, among other things, defend themselves and avoid trading with the Indians

Ballad of the Walker War

Manuscript of a poem written by Lieutenant George Wheeler, a participant in the “Walker [or Walkara] War” in 1853-54

Deseret News Article dated October 31, 1869

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Journal History containing references to Utah Indians. An article in the Deseret News describes a Navajo raid near Kanarra

Bannock Indians in the Pioneer Day Parade, 1897

Photograph of Bannock Indians in the Pioneer Day Parade, 1897. Sign reads: This band of indians in the ghost dance, war dance, grisley bear dance at fair ground 2:30 today.

Newspaper Article of the Utah Civil War

News from the Utah Expedition reports that the troops have reached Fort Bridger. The Mormons have burned all the grass in the area and the army’s animals are dying. The Mormons are fortifying the passes into Salt Lake City.

Mormons and the Close of the Utah War

Anti-Polygamy Newspaper Article

Mountain Meadows

Memorial of the scene of the massacre of the Fancher– Baker party of immigrants from Carroll County, Arkansas. The bronze tablet unveiled September 10, 1932 on the 75th anniversary of the Mountain Meadows Massacre.


“Bringing Home a New Wife,” a cartoon from the Famous Rose Collection of old time photographs. Photo by N. H. Rose. Gift of Charles Kelly. (Cartoonist anonymous) Used in U.H.Q. 41-1-1973.

Territorial Baseball Champions

The Red Stocking Baseball team, Utah Territorial Champions August 1877. Heber J. Grant middle of second row

Proclamation by the Governor. Citizens of Utah

Proclamation by the Governor. Citizens of Utah : We are invaded by a hostile force who are evidently assailing us to accomplish our overthrow and destruction … Therefore … martial law is hereby declared to exist in this Territory …

Heber C. Kimball’s Block. G.S.L. City

View of South-West Salt Lake City, where Heber C. Kimball resided. Near the mountains, the wall can be seen that was built for protection from the Indians, who built their teepees right outside of it. The bottom-left corner of the picture holds the edge fencing of Temple Sqaure.

Reed Smoot (1862-1941)

Memorandum of Reed Smoot:

George LeRoy Parker (Butch Cassidy)

George LeRoy Parker (Butch Cassidy), as he appeared when he entered the Wyoming Penitentiary on 15 July 1894, at age 27.

John M. Browning

Biography of John M. Browning:

Women Suffrage Leaders

Harry Longbaugh (The Sundance Kid)

Harry Longbaugh (The Sundance Kid), was photographed in New York City with Etta Place (a friend and outlaw companion of the Wild Bunch) before he, Butch Cassidy, and Place were thought to have left for South America.

Pinkerton National Detective Agency Wanted Poster

Pinkerton National Detective Agency wanted poster, showing George LeRoy Parker (Butch Cassidy), Harry Longabaugh and O. C. (Camilla) Hanks.

Butch Cassidy and the Wild Bunch

Seated, left to right; Harry Longabaugh (alias Sundance Kid), Ben Kilpatrick, Butch Cassidy. Standing, left to right: Will Carver, Harvey Logan (alias Kid Curry). Located on disc 73 in the RHC Center.

Article on “The 46th State”

Article on Utah Statehood Bill 1893

Statehood Parade

Parade celebrating Utah’s statehood in 1896.

Constitution of the State of Utah

Fort Douglas from Headquarters

Photograph of Fort Douglas from Headquarters

Pony Express Station-Fish Springs

5799 Pony Express Station-Fish Springs. Donor & Photo. Charles Kelly.

Pony Express Station-Echo Canyon

16805 Pony Express Station-Echo Canyon, Utah

Pony Express Station-Faust

5794 Pony Express Station at Faust. Mail station on opposite side of meadow. Donor & Photographer: Charles Kelly.

The Daily Enquirer Newspaper 1887-03-18 vol. 2 no. 22

The enquirer was published semiweekly until 1891 when it was published daily (except Sun. and holidays).

The Daily Enquirer Newspaper 1887-02-11 vol. 2 no. 12

The enquirer was published semiweekly until 1891 when it was published daily (except Sun. and holidays).

Salt Lake Tribune

Salt Lake Tribune about 1939 (Note Ezra Thompson Bldg. Left: now the Tribune Bldg.)

Promontory Point

The flag marks the point where the Union Pacific and Central Pacific lines were joined on May 10, 1869. This photograph was taken two months later

Joining of Rails, Promontory Point; May 10, 1869

A group shot of railroad workers at Promontory Point at the joining of the rails.

Promontory Point Crowd; May 10, 1869

A throng of people and horses at Promontory Point for the joining of the rails.


Buck Stewart and Ted Cooper Boxing in a Yard, Myton, Utah,1915: 1913 Boxing Tournament: Boxing at the “Smokeless Smoker”: Jack Dempsey and Ira Dern:

Football Game at Timp Park (1920)

BYU Football team played its first several games at Timp Park after their revival of the football program.

Football Team (1908)

Football Team Portrait: BYU Football Team boarding a bus before the game:

Basketball Teams

Franklin Basketball Team: BYU Basketball Team (1905): Since football was banned in all Church schools from 1900 to 1919, emphasis was placed on basketball, track, and baseball. This was BYU’s champion basketball team in 1905. Notice that at this time basketball players still wore quilted football pants and sneakers. Some early editor wrote the surname … Continue reading Basketball Teams

Baseball Teams

Utah State University baseball team at practice: Southern Utah Recreation Baseball Team: Myton Baseball Team:

Girls’ Basketball

Wilcox Academy Girls Basketball Team: Uintah High School Girls Junior Class Basketball Team:

Aggies Basketball (1900-1916)

The photograph shows a man wearing a Utah State Aggies’ basketball jersey and holding a basketball in the air.