The Fremont culture or Fremont people is a pre-Columbian archaeological culture which received its name from the Fremont River in the state of Utah, where the culture’s sites were discovered by local indigenous peoples like the Navajo and Ute. In Navajo culture, the pictographs are credited to people who lived before the flood.
The Pit House was a typical structure used as a shelter or house style that was built by many tribes of the Plateau cultural group who made them their winter homes, as did a few of the Californian tribes. The Pit House roof was constructed over an underground hole (hence the name Pit House) with a wooden log framework that was covered with earth.
The image depicts what archaeologists believe were fortresses. Although they were able to document these sites, no one knows what these sites were built for. The stone that makes up these archaeological sites were Anasazi Native American sandstones.
Description and analysis of artifacts and ecofacts were designed to identify differences and similarities between these particular sites. Such archaeological variations were then
linked to the structural and organizational features of hunter-gatherers adaptations expected for the region including Zion National Park. These expected adaptations regarding the nature of hunter-gatherer lifeways are derived from current evolutionary ecological, cross-cultural, and ethnoarchaeological ideas. Attached below is the full PDF of the analysis.
Poncho house–Cliff dwellings in southeastern Utah. Gift of Norman Nevills, Mexican Hat, Utah. Photo by: Phillip W. Tompkins.