Tag Archives: government explorer

Jim Bridger

Sherratt Library, Southern Utah University.

Digital Image © 2009 Utah State Historical Society. All Rights Reserved.

James Felix Bridger (March 17, 1804 – July 17, 1881) was an American mountain man, trapper, Army scout, and wilderness guide who explored and trapped in the Western United States in the first half of the 19th century. He was known as Old Gabe in his later years.[1] He was from the Bridger family of Virginia, English immigrants that had been in North America since the early colonial period.

Bridger was part of the second generation of American mountain men and pathfinders that followed the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804 and became well known for participating in numerous early expeditions into the western interior as well as mediating between Native American tribes and westward-migrating European-American settlers.

Map of Territory/Military Department of Utah (1860)

Compiled in the Bureau of Topographical Engineers of the War Department. Chiefly for Military purposes under the authority of Honorable J.B. Floyd, Secretary of War. Shows towns, wagon roads, explorers’ routes, railroads, forts, etc., approx. from Albuquerque, N.M. to Fort Lane, Or. and from Fort Laramie, Wyo. to Los Angeles, Calif. “Corrections and additions in reference to railroads in California, etc., were made in January, 1862.” The geographic region of Southwest is referred to as the New Southwest.